The Science Behind Pour Over Coffee and Its Health Impact

For coffee lovers, the perfect cup of coffee is an essential part of their daily routine. One popular brewing method that has gained a lot of attention in recent years is pour over coffee. But what makes pour-over coffee different from other brewing methods, and what are its health benefits? In this article, we’ll explore the science behind pour over coffee and its health implications.

What is pour over coffee?

Pour-over coffee is a manual brewing method that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds in a filter. The water gradually drips through the coffee and filter, resulting in a flavorful and aromatic cup of coffee. This brewing method is sometimes referred to as drip coffee.

The process of making drip coffee involves several steps. First, the coffee grounds are placed in a filter that is placed over a carafe or mug. The water is heated to the ideal temperature and then poured in a slow and steady stream over the grounds in a circular motion. The water and coffee then interact, allowing the coffee to release its flavors and aromas.

One of the benefits of pour over coffee is that it allows for greater control over the brewing process. The brewer can adjust the water temperature, coffee-to-water ratio, and brew time to create a customized cup of coffee that matches their preferences. This control over the brewing process is one reason why pour-over coffee is often preferred by coffee enthusiasts who want to experiment with different brewing techniques and coffee types.

Pour over coffee also tends to have a cleaner taste than other brewing methods. This is because the slow and precise pour allows for even extraction of the coffee, resulting in a cup free of sediment or grit. In addition, the use of a paper filter helps to remove any oils or impurities from the coffee, resulting in a smoother and less bitter taste.

The science behind pour-over coffee

Pour over coffee is often praised for its superior taste, but what makes it so special? The answer lies in the brewing process. When hot water is poured over ground coffee, a chemical reaction known as extraction occurs. During extraction, compounds in the coffee beans dissolve in the water, creating the flavor and aroma of the coffee.

One of the most important factors affecting extraction is the size of the coffee grounds. Pour-over coffee requires a medium-fine grind, which allows for a slower extraction process. This slower extraction results in a more complex flavor profile with a balance of acidity, sweetness and bitterness.

Another important factor is the temperature of the water. The ideal temperature for pour-over coffee is between 195-205°F (90-96°C). Water that is too hot can cause over-extraction, resulting in a bitter taste, while water that is too cold can cause under-extraction, resulting in a weak and sour taste.

The Health Benefits of Pour Over Coffee

In addition to its delicious taste, pour over coffee can have health benefits. Here are some of the ways that pour over coffee can impact your health:

  1. Lower acidity: Pour-over coffee has lower acidity than other brewing methods, such as espresso or French press. This is because the slow extraction process results in a less acidic cup of coffee, which can be easier on the stomach and reduce acid reflux symptoms.
  2. Higher antioxidants: Coffee is a rich source of antioxidants, which are compounds that protect the body from damage caused by free radicals. Pour-over coffee has been shown to have higher antioxidant levels than other brewing methods, which may contribute to its health benefits.
  3. Lower caffeine: Pour-over coffee is typically lower in caffeine than other brewing methods, such as espresso or drip coffee. This is because the slow extraction process results in a lower concentration of caffeine in the final cup.
  4. Greater control: With pour-over coffee, the brewer has greater control over the brewing process, including water temperature, coffee-to-water ratio, and extraction time. This allows for a more customized cup of coffee that can be tailored to individual preferences.

The bottom line

Pour over coffee is a delicious and health-conscious way to enjoy your daily cup of joe. The science behind pour over coffee reveals how the brewing process creates a complex and balanced flavor profile, while also providing potential health benefits. By understanding the science behind pour over coffee, you can brew the perfect cup that is both delicious and beneficial to your health.


Is pour over coffee healthier?

Pour-over coffee is healthier because it contains less cafestol, a cholesterol-raising agent abundant in coffee prepared with traditional brewing methods. The coffee made using the pour-over method has fewer acidic components as well but is also generally weaker than standard brewed coffee.

Which coffee brewing method is the healthiest?

filtering coffee

A study published online April 22, 2020, by the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology found that filtering coffee (for example, with a paper filter) — not just boiling ground coffee beans and drinking the water — was better for health, particularly for older people.

Is Pour over healthy?

Filters remove heart-harming cholesterol from coffee, which significantly reduces your risk of dying from cardiovascular disease, a new study finds. Everyone has a coffee preference: poured over, pressed, pulled, the classic drip.

Is Pour over better than coffee machine?

Pour-over offers the potential for a higher quality coffee, but it’s up to the user to make it well. If you don’t have the time or patience to learn how to make pour-over coffee, you’re better off with the electric drip coffee maker.

Why is pour-over coffee so good?

Why use the pour over method? Pour over accentuates intricate flavors when compared to other brewing methods. This makes it a popular choice for single origin coffees, since it allows the flavors and aromas to shine. Good filter coffee is clean, clear, and consistent.

Why is pour over better than drip?

Pour over: Due to the differences in the brewing processes, pour overs tend to create more flavor than regular drip coffee. Because the brewing process takes longer for pour over, the water has more time to pull the flavors and oils from the coffee grounds.

What’s the safest coffee to drink?

The first study to examine links between coffee brewing methods and risks of heart attacks and death has concluded that filtered brew is safest.

How do you remove cafestol from coffee?

How do you remove cafestol from coffee? Both paper and coffee sock filters will remove nearly all the cafestol in coffee and yield a clean cup that has very little oil. Coffee brewing methods that use paper and fabric filters such as pour-over and the AeroPress are your best bet to keep the oils out of your coffee.

Does pour over have more caffeine?

In a single serving of espresso, there is only 40-75 mg of caffeine. In a single serving of pour over coffee, there is 80-185 mg of caffeine. That is twice the amount of caffeine to get your day started for a lot less work.

Is pour over coffee better than French press coffee?

Those who enjoy smooth coffee with a pleasant flavor should use light roast beans in a pour over, while those who enjoy rich, bold tasting coffee should use dark roast in a French press. Comparing ease of use, a pour over may be an easier brewing method to try for those already used to making filtered coffee.

Is pour over coffee weaker?

Pourover coffee (unlike immersion brew methods, like a French press) continuously saturates the coffee grounds with fresh water for the majority of the brewing cycle. This promotes a faster, more efficient brew.

Is pour over coffee less acidic?

When making your coffee through drip or pour-over methods, using a paper filter can reduce acidity in your coffee. The filter paper will trap oils and fats that release acids into your coffee. This method will also filter out other sediments which leave you with a smooth, sweet-tasting coffee.

Is pour over coffee stronger than espresso?

Drip coffee usually has a clean body with a rounded, simple flavor profile. Compared to a shot of espresso, it’s far less intense because it’s far less concentrated. For example, if you’re using the golden ratios, it takes roughly 16g of coffee beans to brew a regular-sized mug of drip coffee.

Is Pour over superior?

Pour-over coffee is superior to drip coffee in many, many ways. The control you gain over the brew method ensures your coffee tastes far richer and much better, in every way possible. Your coffee will stand out in the best possible way and you’ll impress friends and family with your barista skills.

What’s the difference between French press and pour over?

In the coffee world, there are two main ways to get your caffeine fix- a pour over or a French press. A French press uses hot water and pressure to extract flavor from ground beans, whereas a pour over uses gravity and time.

Is filter coffee healthier than espresso?

Did You Know? Filtered coffee may be better for you than French press coffee or the espresso version. This is due to cafestol, one of the chemicals present in coffee which is known to raise levels of LDL (or “bad”) cholesterol.

Is Pour-Over Coffee healthier than French press?

Pour-over coffee is healthier because it contains less cafestol, a cholesterol-raising agent abundant in coffee prepared with traditional brewing methods. The coffee made using the pour-over method has fewer acidic components as well but is also generally weaker than standard brewed coffee.

Is a French press better than drip?

Is French press coffee stronger than drip coffee? No. The flavors in press coffee tend to be more intense because the stainless steel mesh doesn’t filter out the fine particles (called “fines”) or the natural oils. Drip coffee filters out both oils and fines, which give a cleaner taste that can seem milder.

Which way to make coffee is best?

The end result—liquid gold that keeps you moving—drips into the carafe or cup below. For most coffee drinkers—especially those who need their caffeine fix to be fully automated and ready to go as soon as they hop out of bed in the morning—drip is the best way to make coffee because of its convenience and ease of use.

What is the best coffee in the world?

The Best Coffee Beans in the World

  • Tanzania Peaberry Coffee.
  • Hawaii Kona Coffee.
  • Nicaraguan Coffee.
  • Sumatra Mandheling Coffee.
  • Sulawesi Toraja Coffee.
  • Mocha Java Coffee.
  • Ethiopian Harrar Coffee.
  • Ethiopian Yirgacheffe Coffee.