What is Focaccia?

Focaccia is an Italian flat bread made with olive oil and salt, and often topped with herbs, onions, or olives. It is typically served as an appetizer or side dish, or used as the base for sandwiches. The texture of focaccia is slightly chewy and spongy, and the flavor is salty and slightly sweet. Focaccia is a popular bread both in Italy and around the world.

What does Focaccia mean?

The word “focaccia” comes from the Latin word “focus,” which means “hearth” or “fireplace.” In ancient Rome, the hearth was the center of the home, where food was cooked and families gathered to eat and socialize.

Focaccia was traditionally cooked on the hearth, either in a wood-fired oven or on a stone slab over an open flame. The bread is typically made from a simple dough of flour, water, yeast, and olive oil, and it is often seasoned with salt and other herbs and spices.

Today, focaccia is a popular type of bread that is enjoyed all over the world. It can be served plain, topped with olive oil and salt, or with a variety of toppings such as herbs, cheese, onions, tomatoes, or olives. It is often served as an appetizer or as a side dish with soup or salad, and it can also be used as a base for sandwiches or pizza.

What are the origins of Focaccia

The origins of focaccia are not entirely clear, as the bread has been a popular food in many parts of the Mediterranean for thousands of years. However, it is believed to have originated in the Liguria region of Italy, which is located along the northwest coast and includes the cities of Genoa and La Spezia.

Focaccia is thought to have been a staple food in Liguria since ancient times, as the region was known for its cultivation of olives and wheat. The bread was traditionally made in the homes of local families, and it was often served as a simple meal or as a snack with wine.

Over time, focaccia spread throughout Italy and became popular in many other parts of the world as well. Today, it is enjoyed in many different variations and with a variety of toppings, and it is often used as a base for pizza or as a substitute for bread in sandwiches. Despite its many variations, however, traditional Ligurian focaccia remains a beloved part of Italian cuisine and a symbol of the region’s culinary heritage.

What are the benefits of Focaccia?

Focaccia, like many other types of bread, can provide several nutritional benefits as part of a healthy diet. Here are some potential benefits of focaccia:

  • Good source of carbohydrates: Focaccia is made from flour, which is a good source of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are an important nutrient that provides energy for the body, and they can help support athletic performance and physical activity.
  • Contains fiber: Depending on the type of flour used, focaccia can be a good source of dietary fiber. Fiber is important for digestive health and can help reduce the risk of certain health conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes.
  • Rich in olive oil: Focaccia is typically made with olive oil, which is a healthy source of monounsaturated fats. These fats can help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  • Contains herbs and spices: Many focaccia recipes include herbs and spices, such as rosemary or garlic, which can provide additional nutritional benefits. Herbs and spices are rich in antioxidants and can have anti-inflammatory effects on the body.
  • Versatile: Focaccia can be customized with a variety of toppings and seasonings, making it a versatile and flavorful addition to meals. Depending on the toppings used, focaccia can be a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals.

However, it is important to note that commercial or pre-packaged focaccia can be high in calories, sodium, and unhealthy fats. Therefore, it is recommended to enjoy homemade focaccia or choose whole-grain options when available, and to eat it in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

What does a Focaccia taste like?

Focaccia has a soft, chewy texture and a subtle flavor that is mildly savory and slightly salty. The bread is typically seasoned with olive oil, salt, and herbs, such as rosemary or thyme, which give it a fragrant and earthy aroma.

The flavor of focaccia can vary depending on the recipe and the toppings used. Some variations include toppings such as onions, tomatoes, olives, or cheese, which can add additional flavor and texture to the bread.

Overall, focaccia has a mild, pleasant taste that pairs well with a variety of foods. It is often served as a side dish with soups or stews, or used as a base for sandwiches or pizza.

How to make a Focaccia

Here is a basic recipe for making focaccia:


  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 tablespoon active dry yeast
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water
  • 1/4 cup olive oil, plus extra for drizzling
  • Coarse sea salt
  • Fresh herbs or other toppings, such as rosemary, thyme, sliced onions, sliced tomatoes, or olives (optional)


  1. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, yeast, sugar, and salt.
  2. Add the warm water and olive oil, and stir until a dough forms.
  3. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead for 5-10 minutes, until smooth and elastic.
  4. Place the dough in a greased bowl and cover with a damp cloth. Let the dough rise in a warm place for 1-2 hours, or until it has doubled in size.
  5. Preheat your oven to 425°F (218°C).
  6. Punch down the dough and turn it out onto a greased baking sheet or a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
  7. Use your fingers to press the dough into a flat, even shape, about 1/2 inch thick.
  8. Use your fingertips to make deep dimples all over the surface of the dough.
  9. Drizzle the dough with olive oil, and sprinkle with coarse sea salt and any other desired toppings.
  10. Bake the focaccia for 20-25 minutes, or until it is golden brown on top and cooked through.
  11. Let the focaccia cool for a few minutes before slicing and serving.

Note: Focaccia is a versatile bread and can be customized with a variety of toppings and seasonings. You can experiment with different herbs, spices, and cheeses to create your own unique flavor combinations.

What are the differences between a Focaccia and Pizza?

Focaccia and pizza are both types of Italian flatbread, but there are several differences between them:

  • Dough: Focaccia dough is generally thicker and softer than pizza dough. It is usually made with more water and olive oil, which gives it a denser texture and a more tender crumb.
  • Toppings: Focaccia is typically topped with herbs and spices, such as rosemary or garlic, and coarse sea salt, while pizza is topped with tomato sauce, cheese, and a variety of other toppings such as vegetables, meat, or seafood.
  • Cooking method: Focaccia is typically baked at a higher temperature for a shorter time than pizza. It is often baked in a sheet pan or baking dish, while pizza is traditionally baked on a pizza stone or in a wood-fired oven.
  • Serving style: Focaccia is often served as a side dish or appetizer, while pizza is usually served as a main course.
  • Origin: Focaccia originated in Liguria, Italy, while pizza originated in Naples, Italy.

Overall, while both focaccia and pizza share some similarities, they have distinct differences in terms of dough, toppings, cooking method, serving style, and origin.

Bottom line

In conclusion, focaccia is a delicious and versatile Italian flatbread that is often topped with herbs, spices, and other toppings. Focaccia has a soft, chewy texture and a mild, savory flavor that makes it a perfect side dish, appetizer, or base for sandwiches and pizza. Its origins can be traced back to the Liguria region of Italy, where it has been a popular food for centuries. Focaccia is easy to make at home with just a few simple ingredients, and can be customized to suit a variety of tastes and preferences. Overall, focaccia is a tasty and satisfying bread that is loved by people all over the world.