Baking Basics: What You Need to Know About the Straight Dough Method

Baking bread is a timeless tradition passed down from generation to generation. One of the most basic methods of making bread is the straight dough method. In this article, we will explore the straight dough method, including what it is, how it works, and tips for success.

What is the Straight Dough Method?

The straight dough method is a basic bread-making method that involves combining all the ingredients at once in a mixing bowl. Ingredients typically include flour, water, yeast, salt, and sometimes sugar and fat. The dough is then kneaded and allowed to rise before being shaped and baked.

How Does the Straight Dough Method Work?

The straight dough method works by combining all the ingredients at once, allowing the yeast to feed on the sugar in the dough and produce carbon dioxide gas, which causes the dough to rise. Once the dough has risen, it is kneaded to develop the gluten that gives the bread its structure and texture. The dough is then allowed to rise again before being shaped and baked.

Tips for Success with the Straight Dough Method

  1. Use the Right Flour: The type of flour you use can have a big impact on the success of your bread. Bread flour, which is high in gluten, is the best choice for the straight dough method because it gives the bread structure and texture.
  2. Measure your ingredients carefully: Accurate measurements are key to successful bread making. Use a kitchen scale to measure your ingredients by weight for the most accurate results.
  3. Use the correct water temperature: Water temperature is important for activating the yeast. The ideal water temperature is between 105 and 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Water that is too hot can kill the yeast, while water that is too cold can prevent the yeast from activating.
  4. Knead the dough properly: Proper kneading is important for developing the gluten in the dough. Knead the dough until it is smooth and elastic, which can take 10 to 20 minutes.
  5. Allow enough time for the dough to rise: Rising time can vary depending on the temperature and humidity in your kitchen. Generally, the dough should double in size during the first rise, which can take anywhere from 1 to 2 hours. The second rise should be shorter, about 30 to 60 minutes.
  6. Preheat your oven: It’s important to preheat your oven to the correct temperature before baking your bread. This will ensure that the bread cooks evenly and develops a nice crust.
  7. Use a baking stone or Dutch oven: Using a baking stone or Dutch oven can help create a crispy crust and even cooking. Preheat the stone or Dutch oven in the oven before adding the bread.


The straight dough method is a simple and easy way to make delicious bread at home. By using the right ingredients, measuring carefully, and following the proper techniques, you can achieve great results every time. Remember to use the right flour, water temperature, and allow enough time for the dough to rise and knead properly. In addition, using a baking stone or Dutch oven can help create a crispy crust and even cooking. With these tips in mind, you can master the straight dough method and create delicious bread that will impress your family and friends.


What is straight dough method?

Straight dough is a single-mix process of making bread. The dough is made from all fresh ingredients, and they are all placed together and combined in one kneading or mixing session. After mixing, a bulk fermentation rest of about 1 hour or longer occurs before division. It is also called the direct dough method.

What is the straight dough method in baking?

Straight dough is a breadmaking system or method in which all ingredients (dry and liquid) are placed in the mixer and the dough is then mixed to full development. Unlike the sponge and dough system, where a bulk fermentation period is used, this process does not include a fermentation step after mixing.

What is the difference between the straight dough method?

In the straight-dough method, frequently used in small bakeries, all ingredients are mixed at one time. In the sponge-dough method, only some of the ingredients are mixed, forming a sponge that is allowed to ferment and is then… The sponge-and-dough mixing method consists of two distinct stages.

What is modified straight dough method?

The Modified Straight Dough Method is utilized for combining enriched dough, meaning dough that contains fat, sugar, and sometimes eggs and milk. The purpose of the modified straight dough method is to ensure even distribution of the fat and sugar present in enriched dough.

What does straight dough mixing method imply mean?

What this means is that you mix all your ingredients together at the same time, immediately knead the dough until the gluten is properly formed, let it rise until doubled, shape it, let it double in size again, and bake it.

How do you make dough straight?

Quote from video: The dough will separate from the bowl. And form a ball around the doko. Once this is achieved the chef stops a mixer change the speed to medium and will continue to mix.

How many steps are there included in straight dough method?

The straight dough method is used primarily for making lean yeast doughs, meaning dough that does not contain any fat. The actual ingredient mixing part of the straight dough method is only one step, as opposed to the multiple steps of the other methods.

What are the 11 steps of the straight dough method?

In general, the process steps for making straight dough are as follows:

  1. Digital scale.
  2. Dough, resting and rising in bulk fermentation.
  3. Some amount of time later.
  4. Dough in the make up process.
  5. Proofing.
  6. Ready to bake or score.

What are the 3 methods of mixing dough?

Three Basic Methods For Mixing Dough:

  • Straight Dough Method. The straight dough mixing method is the simplest mixing method of all.
  • Modified Straight Dough Method or Modified Mixing. The modified mixing method is basically for rich sweet dough.
  • Sponge Method.